Sunday, January 1, 2017

Summary of Alexander The Great

Alexander the Great (356-323 bc), queen of Macedonia, conqueror of the Persian Empire, and unitary of the greatest military geniuses of each times. Alexander, born in Pella, the past capital of Macedonia, was the son of Philip II, female monarch of Macedonia, and of Olympias, a princess of Epirus. Aristotle was Alexanders tutor; he gave Alexander a unadulterated training in cajolery and literature and stimulated his chase in science, medicine, and philosophy. In the spend of 336 bc Philip was assassinated, and Alexander ascended to the Macedonian throne. He found himself adjoin by enemies at dental plate and threatened by mutiny abroad. Alexander disposed pronto of all conspirators and domestic enemies by ordering their exe have a go at ition. Then he descended on Thessaly (Thessalia), where partisans of independence had gained ascendancy, and restored Macedonian rule. Before the end of the pass of 336 bc he had reestablished his vista in Greece and was elected by a con gress of states at Corinth. In 335 bc as general of the classics in a candidacy against the Persians, originally mean by his father, he carried out(p) a successful campaign against the defecting Thracians, penetrating to the Danube River. On his go down he crushed in a single week the threatening Illyrians and then hastened to Thebes, which had revolted. He took the city by assault and razed it, sparing yet the temples of the gods and the house of the Greek speech poet Pindar, and selling the surviving inhabitants, well-nigh 8000 in number, into slavery. Alexanders promptness in crushing the revolt of Thebes brought the separate Greek states into instant and low-down submission.\n\nAlexander began his war against Persia in the spring of 334 bc by crossing the Hellespont (modern Dardanelles) with an army of 35,000 Macedonian and Greek troops; his primary(prenominal) officers, all Macedonians, included Antigonus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus. At the river Granicus, near the ancie nt city of Troy, he attacked an army of Persians and Greek mercenaries totaling 40,000 men. His forces defeated the enemy and, check to tradition, lost only one hundred ten men; after this passage of arms all the states of Asia Minor submitted to him. In passing through Phrygia he is said to have cut with his sword the Gordian knot. keep to advance southward, Alexander encountered the chief(prenominal) Persian army, commanded by poof Darius III, at Issus, in northeast Syria. The size of Dariuss army is hidden; the ancient tradition that it contained 500,000...If you loss to get a spacious essay, order it on our website:

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